Designing Careers was a pilot programme in 2005/06 that involved 75 schools.
It focused on learning and career planning for Year 10 students and individual career guidance for students at risk of poor outcomes in Years 11, 12 and 13 (delivered directly to students by Career Services [now Careers New Zealand] or other consultants).
The programme involved professional development and teaching resources for teachers. While a number of positive outcomes resulted from Designing Careers, the focus on Year 10 meant provision for senior students was not optimal in some schools.
In 2007 and 2008 a second careers education and guidance initiative took place. Creating Pathways and Building Lives targeted 100 randomly selected schools with the overarching goal of developing a whole-school approach to career programmes. Career Services developed and delivered this project, together with School Support Services staff. The goals were to:
In 2009, Career Services and the Ministry of Education produced an updated edition of the guidelines for Career Education and Guidance in New Zealand Schools. 1 These outline a set of career management competencies young people need to develop, such as developing self awareness, exploring opportunities, and deciding and acting. The guidelines provide a framework for good practice in schools, including whole-school processes for planning, designing, implementing and evaluating careers education and guidance programmes.
In 2011, Careers New Zealand Services published a set of Career Education Benchmarks as a self-review tool for schools to examine their own career education practice. The Benchmarks were intended to provide aspirational goals rather than specific programme elements. 2