Introduction

Introduction

Child Youth and Family (CYF) residential facilities are home to some of the most at-risk students in New Zealand. Young people are placed in these facilities due to

serious criminal or welfare issues. Many have been disengaged from formal education for a prolonged period prior to their arrival at a CYF residential school. These schools provide an opportunity for students to become re-engaged in learning, develop their literacy and numeracy skills, and develop the wellbeing and social competencies they will need to have a chance of building a brighter future.

This report discusses three types of CYF residence: Youth Justice facilities, which house young people who have offended; Care and Protection residences, which are for young people who were at serious risk in their previous living arrangements; and a residential treatment facility for young men who have harmful sexual behaviours.

There are four Youth Justice residences, four Care & Protection residences, and one residential treatment facility throughout New Zealand.

While staying in the residences, students are educated by one of four different providers. Central Regional Health School (CRHS) and Kingslea School are special schools governed by Boards of Trustees. Creative Learning Scheme (CLS) and Barnardos are private providers. All four providers have a variety of agreements in place with the Ministry of Education (the Ministry).

The duration of students’ stays at the residential schools varies significantly. Young people who are on remand may be in Youth Justice residences for as little as a few days or weeks. Arrivals and departures often take place with very little notice.

Students in Care and Protection and the treatment facility residences are generally there for longer periods.

Table 1: Name and type of residence, roll and location

Residence Name and Type

Nominal Roll

Location

Whakatakapokai

Care and Protection

20

Auckland

Epuni

Care and Protection

20

Lower Hutt

Te Oranga

Care and Protection

10

Christchurch

Puketai

Care and Protection

8

Dunedin

Korowai Manaaki

Youth Justice

40

Auckland

Te Maioha o Parekarangi

Youth Justice

30

Rotorua

Te Au Rere a te Tonga

Youth Justice

30

Palmerston North

Te Puna Wai o Tuhinapo

Youth Justice

40

Christchurch

Te Poutama Arahi Rangatahi Harmful sexual behaviour treatment facility

 

12

 

Christchurch

Previous ERO reports

ERO has published two previous reports on CYF residential schools. The first was published in September 2010, and found that although the quality of education provided was generally good, more could be done to manage students’ exit transitions.

ERO’s second report, published in November 2013, found the quality of education was not of a consistently high standard across the schools. The report specifically recommended schools link their programme design more closely to student interests and strengths, and improve the quality of teaching. It also found exit transitions remained a weakness and that collaborative relationships between CYF staff and education staff needed to be strengthened.

Methodology

The information for this national report was gathered through institutional ERO reviews of each CYF school. Reviewers spent time onsite, meeting with school and residential staff, talking to students, reviewing school documents and conducting classroom observations. Each of the schools received an individual review report, and these have been published on ERO’s website.

ERO reviewers focused on six key questions:

  • How effectively managed are the transitions students make into the residence?
    • How responsive is the programme to the strengths, needs and interests of each student?
    • How effectively is the programme improving students’ engagement and educational achievement?
    • How effectively do internal and external relationships support the programme for each student?
    • How effectively managed are the transitions that students make out of the residence?
    • How effectively do programme leaders conduct internal evaluation?

A set of the indicators guided reviewers in their data collection, analysis and synthesis. These indicators are provided in Appendix One.