Appendix 3: Schools and services in this evaluation

The sample included more kindergartens and Playcentres, and fewer education and care and home-based education and care services, than is representative of New Zealand early learning services. This is likely because ERO schedules reviews of services that are part of a larger organisation together. The sample was representative of New Zealand early learning services in terms of EQI distribution and location.33

There were fewer small and very small schools and more very large primary schools in this sample than is representative of New Zealand as a whole. The sample was representative of New Zealand primary schools for type, decile and location. The sample was representative of New Zealand secondary schools for type, decile, location and size.

 

Early learning services in this evaluation

 

Table 1: Service type

 Early learning service type

 Number of ELS in sample

 Percentage of ELS in sample

National percentage of ELS34

Kindergarten

41

20

16

Playcentre

29

15

11

Education and Care

119

59

62

Home-based Education and Care Networks

 

13

 

6

 

11

Total

202

100

100

 

Table 2: Equity index

EQI Value35

Number of ELS in sample

Percentage of ELS in sample

National percentage of ELS

Unknown/Not applicable

 

7

 

4

 

8

EQI 1

11

5

4

EQI 2

17

8

6

EQI 3

9

5

7

EQI 4

26

13

12

EQI 5

132

65

63

Total

202

100

100

 

Table 3: Location

Urban/rural area36

Number of ELS in sample

Percentage of ELS in sample

National percentage of ELS

Main urban area

155

77

75

Secondary urban area

 

5

 

2

 

6

Minor urban area

22

11

11

Rural area

20

10

8

Total

202

100

100

 

Primary schools in this evaluation

Table 4: School type

School type

 Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools37

Full primary (Years 1-8)

 

19

 

41

 

53

Contributing (Years 1-6)

 

23

 

50

 

41

Intermediate (Years 7-8)

 

4

 

9

 

6

Total

46

100

100

 

Table 5: Decile

 Decile group38

 Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Low decile

15

33

29

Medium decile

18

39

39

High decile

13

28

32

Total

46

100

100

 

Table 6: Location

Urban/rural area

 Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Main urban area

31

67

52

Secondary urban area

 

1

 

2

 

6

Minor urban area

5

11

10

Rural area

9

20

32

Total

46

100

100

 

Table 7: School size

School roll39

 Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Very small

0

0

9

Small

1

2

21

Medium

22

48

39

Large

11

24

20

Very large

12

26

11

Total

46

100

100

 

Secondary schools in this evaluation

Table 8: School type

School type

Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Secondary (Year 7-15)

 

8

 

28

 

31

Secondary (Year 9-15)

 

21

 

72

 

69

Total

29

100

100

 

Table 9: Decile

Decile group

 Number of schools in sample

 Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Low decile

9

31

26

Medium decile

12

41

47

High decile

8

28

27

Total

29

100

100

 

Table 10: Location

Urban/rural area

Number of schools in sample

Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Main urban area

25

87

64

Secondary urban area

 

1

 

3

 

10

Minor urban area

2

7

20

Rural area

1

3

6

Total

29

100

100

 

Table 11: School size

School roll40

Number of schools in sample

Percentage of schools in sample

National percentage of schools

Very small

0

0

1

Small

4

14

27

Medium

12

41

37

Large

12

41

28

Very large

1

4

7

Total

29

100

100

 


 

33           The differences between observed and expected values in Tables 1-11 were tested using a Chi square test.

34           The national percentage of early learning services is as at 3 March 2016.

35           The Equity Index is a measure of the proportion of children at an early learning service that come from low socio-economic communities. Services with lower EQI values receive more funding than services with high EQI values. More information is available at www.education.govt.nz/early-childhood/running-an-ece-service/funding/equity-funding/     

36           Main urban areas have a population greater than 30,000; secondary urban areas have a population between 10,000 and 29,999; minor urban areas have a population between 1000 and 9,999; and rural areas have a population less than 1000. 

37           The national percentage of schools as at 3 May 2016.

38           Deciles 1-3 are low decile schools; deciles 4-7 are medium decile schools; deciles 8-10 are high decile schools. 

39           Roll sizes for full primary, contributing and intermediate schools are: very small (1-30); small (31-100); medium (101-300); large (301-500) and very large (more than 500). 

40           Roll sizes for secondary schools are: very small (1-100); small (101-400); medium (401-800); large (801-1500); very large (more than 1500).