Appendix 3: Sexuality education content by year level

Sexuality education content by year level

Junior primary (Years 1-3)

Students will learn about:

» growth

» development

» the human body

» friendships

» family relationships.

Students will:

» take action to support the well-being of others

» learn friendship skills

» learn about basic human rights in relation to relationships and identity

» learn to express feelings and how they contribute to positive and inclusive environments.

Middle and upper primary (Years 4-6)

Students will learn about:

» pubertal change

» body growth and development (maybe including human reproduction)

» how to support themselves and others during change and develop a positive body image.

Students will:

» describe how social messages and stereotypes about relationships, sexuality, and gender affect well-being

» actively affirm the rights of themselves and others

» reflect on friendships and plan strategies for positive and supportive relationships

» identify risks and issues in online and social media environments and question messages related to gender, sexuality, and diversity

» identify how to access health care.

Intermediate (Years 7-8)

Students will learn about:

» how to support themselves and others during pubertal change and develop a positive body image

» intimate relationships and sexual attraction » respect and communication skills

» processes of conception and child birth.

Students will:

» identify health care resources in the community » critically explore how gender and sexuality messages affect well-being

» plan strategies to support inclusion, diversity, and respect in friendships and relationships (including in online environments)

» analyse how sexuality is represented in social media and mass media, and critique dominant messages

» develop assertiveness skills and recognise instances of bullying and discrimination » question and discuss gender norms.

Junior secondary (Years 9-10)

Students will learn about:

» intimate relationships and explore positive sexual health

» managing their own sexual health and how to access health care » long-term and short-term effects of sexual decisions

» conception, contraception, sexually transmissible infections, and other aspects of sexual decision-making

» sexual diversity and gender identity

» the physical and emotional effects of sexual identity, sexual attraction, and sexual maturation.

Students will:

» critique dominant cultural messages about sexual behaviour (including those in mass and online media)

» identify skills for positive and supportive intimate relationships

» discuss human rights, consent, and the importance of choice and agency in relationships

» explore online and social media environments plan strategies for positive and supportive engagement

» plan strategies for seeking help and support will be planned.

Senior secondary (Years 11-13)

Students will:

» critically analyse a wide range of issues relating to gender, sexuality, and sexual health

» explore pressure, social norms, gender identity, and cultural issues relating to sexual health

» evaluate community agencies, the politics of sexuality and sexual health, and recognise positive and supportive intimate relationships

» critically analyse issues of safety and risk, and research positive sexual health practices

» identify future sexual health needs and critique cultural norms

» work across the school to affirm diversity, human rights, and positive sexuality, as well as to advocate for access to support and health care.


It is recommended that all students engage in sexuality education in Years 11-13. This should not be limited to students completing courses and standards in health education under the NCEA.