In 2013, the Education Review Office (ERO) evaluated schools’ approaches to ensuring student safety when recruiting and managing staff.
Student Safety in Schools: Recruiting and Managing Staff presents the findings of this evaluation. The evaluation included balancing needs of students and staff when managing concerns, appointment processes and checking procedures, ongoing registration and police vetting, and board preparation.
The report includes recommendations for schools and education agencies, as well as surveys and self-review tools that schools may find useful.
The evaluation was prompted by two inquiries * into the employment of sex offenders in schools. Both inquiries reinforced the primary importance of student safety and welfare.
It is essential to ensure that the law, and all practices and procedures, including recruitment and hiring, are designed, managed and administered to provide the utmost protection for children within the education system as well as the wider community environment. It is perhaps even more important that people involved throughout the education system, no matter in what capacity, see beyond the system itself, and its processes, and recognise that the safety and welfare of the children in the education system transcend all else. (Ministerial Inquiry p. 5)
Trustees, leaders and teachers all agreed that student safety is paramount. ERO’s evaluation found that two-thirds of schools had robust practices to ensure student safety when appointing and managing staff. Examples of these practices are included over the page.
One-third of the schools reviewed had practices that meant they were unlikely to recognise situations when students are at risk from some staff and respond appropriately. Improving safety in schools
This summary includes examples of good practice that ERO identified during the evaluation. These examples provide a useful benchmark against which schools can review their own policies and practices.
A good starting point for all schools is to base their policies and practices on two principles:
Schools can also demonstrate their responsibility across the sector by:
The Pamapuria experience highlights how important it is for schools to be constantly aware of the connections between what is required in documentation and what is actually happening in reality. (The Commissioner of Pamapuria School)
Schools that ensured student safety is paramount when dealing with concerns about staff:
Schools with robust employment systems:
Schools with effective registration processes had appraisal systems that included:
Ministry of Education: http://www.education.govt.nz/school/running-a-school/school-structures-and-governance
Effective governance: Recruiting and managing school staff: A guide for boards of trustees. This series of resources is comprehensive and designed to help boards review current practice. New Zealand School Trustees Association (NZSTA) www.nzsta.org.nz/board-as-employers/appointment-process/ NZSTA provides guidance and templates for boards on employment matters. The templates include an application form that is a detailed tool to lead schools through the appointment process.
Education Review Office (ERO) www.ero.govt.nz/Review-Process/For-Schools-and-Kura-Kaupapa-Maori/Review-Documentation-for-Schools The Guidelines for Board Assurance Statement, Whānau Assurance Statement and Self-Audit Checklists include a brief discussion of what best practice looks like in making staff appointments, and student health, safety and wellbeing, and presents check points in the Self-Audit Checklists.
Safe not Sorry (Child Matters, 2012) has been developed as a guide for organisations in which adults are involved with children and young people, such as schools. It includes sample application forms, checking forms and more. Child Matters www.childmatters.org.nz/88/resources-info-centre/resources
The Ministerial Inquiry into the Employment of a Convicted Sex Offender in the Education Sector (Ministerial Inquiry), Report to the Commissioner of Pamapuria School on Review of the Employment and Offences of James Parker (Parker Report).