Appendix 1: Glossary

Te Reo Māori

English meaning

Ako

Both children and adults are learners and teachers

Aroha

Respect, empathy, compassion

Awhi

Embrace and support

Haka

Māori ceremonial dance

Hapū

Subtribe, kinship group

Hui

forum for discussion which is underpinned by Māori values

Iwi

Wider kinship group

Kai

Food, to eat

Karakia

Prayer, grace, incantations

Kaumātua

Adult elder (usually male)

Kaupapa

Topic, matter for discussion, plan; philosophy

Kowhaiwhai

Painted design, usually on meeting house rafters

Kuia

Adult elder (female)

Manaaki

Provide sustenance, nurture; look after

Manaakitanga

kindness, caring

Maunga

Mountain of special significance to iwi

Marae

Tribal gathering place where ceremonial events are held and issues are debated

Matariki

Signals the Māori New Year (first appearance of Pleiades)

Mihimihi

Speech of greeting and introduction of oneself

Mokopuna

Grandchild

Pākehā

New Zealander of European descent

Pēpeha

A saying which describes landmarks and symbols significant to particular iwi

Tangata whenua

People of the land, local people

Tautoko

Support

Te Ao Māori

The Māori world

Te reo Māori

Māori language

Te Tiriti o Waitangi

Treaty of Waitangi

Tiaki

Care for, look after

Tikanga

Customary practices

Tino rangitiratanga

Self determination

Tuakana teina

Mentoring relationship

Waiata

Song(s)

Whakapapa

Genealogy

Whakawhanaungatanga

Creating relationships, sense of family

Whānau

Nuclear or extended family

Whanaungatanga

Relationships, sense of family

Whaea

Mother, aunty

Whakamā

Shy, embarrassed

Whare

House