Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE - 24/10/2017

1 Evaluation of Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE

How well placed is Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE to promote positive learning outcomes for children?

Not well placed

Requires further development

Well placed

Very well placed

ERO's findings that support this overall judgement are summarised below.


Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE is administered by Ngāti Ruanui Tahua Limited, which is a subsidiary of Te Runanga o Ngāti Ruanui situated in Hawera. The centre is an all-day kaupapa Māori-based early learning service licensed for up to 40 children, including 10 aged up to two years. At the time of this ERO review there were 28 tamariki on the roll, with 21 identified as Māori.

Day-to-day operation is the responsibility of the centre manager, who also supports the teaching team.

The February 2015 ERO report identified concerns around the service's capacity to promote positive learning outcomes for children. Improvement was needed in relation to:

  • assessment, planning and evaluation

  • strategic and annual planning

  • performance management and appraisal

  • teaching practice

  • self review.

The centre received targeted support through a Ministry of Education (MoE) funded programme, Strengthening Early Learning Opportunities (SELO). Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE developed a plan to address the key areas requiring improvement, in consultation with the MoE. Limited progress has been made in addressing concerns.

The Review Findings

Tamariki experience warm and respectful relationships. Teachers are kind and responsive. They work collaboratively to support children's participation and learning. Literacy, mathematics and science are integrated in the programme in suitable play-based ways.

Te reo me ngā tikanga Māori are highly promoted and well established in the service. Teachers use both te reo Māori and te reo Pākehā in their learning conversations. Waiata Māori are a regular and enjoyed part of the programme. Whakapapa and whānau aspirations are well known and valued in the centre.

Teachers have accessed professional learning and development to support their approach to planning for learning. The impact of this learning has yet to result in improved understanding and a sustainable process.

The learning programme requires enhancing particularly in relation to provision:

  • of opportunities for children to be creative and expressive and persist in their play over time

  • of sufficient staff to meet toddlers' needs, particularly at meal times

  • for children requiring additional learning support.

Teachers have worked with an external provider to develop a framework for undertaking self review. However, their practice has not been sustained over time in relation to supporting decision making about teaching and learning.

Staff have developed an appropriate appraisal process that contributes to teachers' growth and development. Key next steps for strengthening this process across the teaching team should include:

  • provision of focused observations of teacher practice

  • aligning the centre manager's appraisal process with professional teaching requirements

  • updating the appraisal guidelines to reflect current practice and consistency of implementation.

The service has a strong commitment to whānau, hapū and iwi. Leaders and teachers recognise the importance of providing a learning kaupapa that is influenced by the aspirations that Ngāti Ruanui iwi have for their tamariki and mokopuna.

Establishing clear, specific, and measurable strategic goals that focus on improving outcomes for tamariki's learning requires development. Strengthening systems and processes that enable the centre manager to report on the service's performance against its strategic priorities is needed. This would enable management to make informed decisions for resourcing for learning and staffing requirements.

Key areas requiring further development include:

  • the learning programme for tamariki

  • resourcing to support teachers to plan and implement the learning programme

  • support for teacher development

  • management and leadership of the service

  • strengthening the appraisal system

  • clear, specific and measurable strategic goals

  • systems for reporting to governance and management

  • growing understanding of the purpose and use of internal evaluation for improvement to teaching and to children’s outcomes.

Management Assurance on Legal Requirements

Before the review, the staff and management of Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui completed an ERO Centre Assurance Statement and Self-Audit Checklist. In these documents they attested that they have taken all reasonable steps to meet their legal obligations related to:

  • curriculum
  • premises and facilities
  • health and safety practices
  • governance, management and administration.

During the review, ERO looked at the service’s systems for managing the following areas that have a potentially high impact on children's wellbeing:

  • emotional safety (including positive guidance and child protection)

  • physical safety (including supervision; sleep procedures; accidents; medication; hygiene; excursion policies and procedures)

  • suitable staffing (including qualification levels; police vetting; teacher registration; ratios)

  • evacuation procedures and practices for fire and earthquake.

All early childhood services are required to promote children’s health and safety and to regularly review their compliance with legal requirements

Actions for compliance

ERO found significant areas of non-compliance in the service related to: curriculum; governance and management and health and safety. The service provider must ensure that:

  • the service curriculum is informed by assessment, planning and evaluation that demonstrates an understanding of children's learning needs, their interests, whānau, and life contexts

  • an ongoing process of self review helps the service maintain and improve the quality of its education and care

  • there is a system in place for the recording of emergency drills carried out and evidence of how evaluation of the drills has informed the annual review of the service’s emergency plan. (Licensing Criteria for Early Childhood Education and Care Centres 2008: C2; GMA6; HS8)

Over the last six months the centre has gone through a large number of staffing changes. As a result of this management should continue to evaluate the impact of these changes on staff and children's learning and wellbeing.

Recommendation to Ministry of Education

ERO recommends that the Ministry reassess the licence of Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui ECE. ERO will not undertake a further education review of this service until the Ministry of Education is satisfied that the service meets licensing requirements.

Next ERO Review

When is ERO likely to review the service again?

The next ERO review of Te Puawaitanga o Ngati Ruanui will be in consultation with the Ministry of Education.

Patricia Davey

Deputy Chief Review Officer Central (Acting) Te Tai Pokapū - Central Region

24 October 2017

The Purpose of ERO Reports

The Education Review Office (ERO) is the government department that, as part of its work, reviews early childhood services throughout Aotearoa New Zealand. ERO’s reports provide information for parents and communities about each service’s strengths and next steps for development. ERO’s bicultural evaluation framework Ngā Pou Here is described in SECTION 3 of this report. Early childhood services are partners in the review process and are expected to make use of the review findings to enhance children's wellbeing and learning.

2 Information about the Early Childhood Service



Ministry of Education profile number


Licence type

Education & Care Service

Licensed under

Education (Early Childhood Services) Regulations 2008

Number licensed for

40 children, including up to 10 aged under 2

Service roll


Gender composition

Girls 15, Boys 13

Ethnic composition

Other ethnic groups


Percentage of qualified teachers

0-49% 50-79% 80%

Based on funding rates


Reported ratios of staff to children

Under 2


Meets minimum requirements

Over 2


Meets minimum requirements

Review team on site

September 2017

Date of this report

24 October 2017

Most recent ERO report(s)

Education Review

February 2015

3 General Information about Early Childhood Reviews

ERO’s Evaluation Framework

ERO’s overarching question for an early childhood education review is ‘How well placed is this service to promote positive learning outcomes for children?’ ERO focuses on the following factors as described in the bicultural framework Ngā Pou Here:

  • Pou Whakahaere – how the service determines its vision, philosophy and direction to ensure positive outcomes for children
  • Pou Ārahi – how leadership is enacted to enhance positive outcomes for children
  • Mātauranga – whose knowledge is valued and how the curriculum is designed to achieve positive outcomes for children
  • Tikanga whakaako – how approaches to teaching and learning respond to diversity and support positive outcomes for children.

Within these areas ERO considers the effectiveness of arotake – self review and of whanaungatanga – partnerships with parents and whānau.

ERO evaluates how well placed a service is to sustain good practice and make ongoing improvements for the benefit of all children at the service.

A focus for the government is that all children, especially priority learners, have an opportunity to benefit from quality early childhood education. ERO will report on how well each service promotes positive outcomes for all children, with a focus on children who are Māori, Pacific, have diverse needs, and are up to the age of two.

For more information about the framework and Ngā Pou Here refer to ERO’s Approach to Review in Early Childhood Services.

ERO’s Overall Judgement and Next Review

The overall judgement that ERO makes and the timing of the next review will depend on how well placed a service is to promote positive learning outcomes for children. The categories are:

  • Very well placed – The next ERO review in four years
  • Well placed – The next ERO review in three years
  • Requires further development – The next ERO review within two years
  • Not well placed - The next ERO review in consultation with the Ministry of Education

ERO has developed criteria for each category. These are available on ERO’s website.

Review Coverage

ERO reviews are tailored to each service’s context and performance, within the overarching review framework. The aim is to provide information on aspects that are central to positive outcomes for children and useful to the service.