ERO reviews of private schools are significantly different in process and more limited in scope and reporting than those for state and state-integrated schools. Section 35I of the Education Act 1989 requires the Education Review Office (ERO) to review private schools and to report to the Ministry of Education on whether each school meets the criteria for registration. The schools are privately owned and the legislative requirements are significantly different to those for state and state-integrated schools.
This specific focus is shown in the report which states that the school either meets or does not meet the criteria for registration.
If a school does not meet the registration criteria, the review report provides information about the areas in which improvement is required.
Please see the two documents below for more information on the background to private school reviews and the private school report format.
Background to Private and Independent School reviews and reports (Mar 2020) (.pdf 432 KB)
Information for Private Schools: ERO’s new private school report structure (Feb 2020) (.pdf 76 KB)
The legislation covering reviews of private schools is set out in the Education Act 1989, Sections 35A to 35I.
The scope for the reviews is determined by the Criteria for Registration set out in Section 35C of the Act which reads:
The criteria for registration as a private school under section 35A are that the school
(a) has premises that are suitable, as described in section 35D; and
(b) usually provides tuition for 9 or more students who are of or over the age of 5 years but are under the age of 16 years; and
(c) has staffing that is suitable to the age range and level of its students, the curriculum taught at the school, and the size of the school; and
(d) has equipment that is suitable for the curriculum being delivered or to be delivered at the school; and
(e) has a curriculum for teaching, learning, and assessment and makes details of the curriculum and its programme for delivery available for parents; and
(f) has suitable tuition standards, as described in section 35F; and
(g) has managers who are fit and proper persons (as described in section 35G) to be managers of a private school; and
(h) is a physically and emotionally safe place for students.
Other sections of the Act provide more detail on what is required - section 35D (suitable premises), 35F (tuition standards), and 35G (managers to be fit and proper persons).
Section 35I requires ERO to review each private school and send a copy of the review report to the Ministry of Education, showing whether the school meets the criteria for registration.
Private schools can charge fees and they are not required to follow the Government’s National Education Guidelines. This means that they do not have to follow The New Zealand Curriculum.
Instead, private schools have the freedom to choose an appropriate curriculum and they have a contract between the persons paying for the tuition of the child at the school (generally the parents) and the school’s governing body.
If the school has a hostel ERO will review the hostel, and also the school’s provision for the welfare and education of international students.
Private Schools Assurance Statement and Self-Audit Checklists (Jan 2020) (.pdf 272 KB)
Before a review, managers of private schools (the principal and each member or director of the school’s managing body) must complete a:
ERO will also want to see other documentation before a review to determine how well a private school meets the criteria. This may include:
When onsite, the reviewers will ask to see:
If your school has international students the reviewers will want to know that the school is a signatory to the Education (Pastoral Care of International Students) Code of Practice 2016 (including 2019 amendments), complies with the Code and has attested to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) Code Office accordingly.
If you school has a school hostel, a hostel assurance statement must be completed before the review.
For more information about private/independent schools visit the Ministry of Education’s website.