Commenting on New Zealand’s introduction of the key competencies in 2007, Lamb et al. suggest that there is a lack of clarity from policy documents about how teachers and schools can implement curricula that promote key skills for the future.
"The national curriculum provides little guidance as to how students are expected to learn and teachers to teach these skills."
(Lamb, Maire, Doeke, 2017, p. 34)
Ministry of Education initiatives to support schools to develop their local curricula should include ways students can use key competencies to grow, work and participate in their communities and society. Developing key competencies in students as an emphasis in all PLD provision will contribute positively to supporting teachers and school leaders to be deliberate in implementating the key competencies across the curriculum.