Glossary D





Related terms


In information technology, a dashboard is similar to a car's dashboard, as it organises and presents information in a diagramatic way that is easy to read. A computer dashboard may be interactive.



Information that has been turned into a form that is more convenient to move or process. For a class, the data could include assessment records, attendance information or portfolio entries. In the context of computers, data is information in a digital format that can be processed by a computer. Data can be downloaded and shared to other computers or the web. Many internet plans allow only a set quantity of data to be moved in or out of a computer each month. The byte is a unit of computer data.

Big data, Digital, Download, Internet

Data-driven decision making DDDM

An approach that values decisions backed up with data that can verified. Data analysis provides a snapshot of what students know, what they should know, and what can be done to meet their academic needs. With appropriate analysis and interpretation of data, educators can make informed decisions that positively affect student outcomes.



See Data-driven decision making.

Data-driven decision making

Deep learning

In classrooms where deeper learning is the focus, learners will apply what they have learned in one subject area or context to newly accounted situations in another. They can see how their learning relates to real life. Deep learning entails a sustained, substantial, and positive influence on the way students act, think, or feel.


Deep learning tasks

Teaching focuses on the process of learning, developing students' ability to lead their own learning and to do things with their learning. Teachers are partners with students in deep learning tasks characterised by exploration, connectedness and broader, real-world purposes.


Democratic education

Is an educational ideal in which democracy is both a goal and a method of instruction. It brings democratic values to education and can include self-determination within a community of equals, as well as such values as justice, respect and trust.


Deprivatised practice

Transparent, collaborative way of teachers working and planning together. Teachers invite and value conversations, inquiry, and collaborative analysis of the everyday patterns of their practice. There are no 'closed doors'.

Inquiry, Collaborative


Term used to describe a digital technology such as an ipad, smart phone, tablet, laptop, Chrome book.


Diagnostic testing

Assessment which allows the teacher to identify the specific learning strengths and needs of an individual. The results are then used to plan activities to enable the student to be extended as a learner.



Didactic refers to a style of teaching that is more like a lecture, a more 'traditional' transmission of information. It means that students are instructed rather than actively participating in the learning.

Active learning


A teacher provides different learning activities for different parts of their class. These will be designed to meet students' learning needs, strengths and interests. Typically students will have some 'must do' activities and some 'can do' ones. Students will be given a choice as to which activity they do from the 'can dos', and sometimes they will be directed to an activity to strengthen a specific aspect of their learning.

Must dos' and 'Can dos', Personalised learning, Universal Design for Learning, UDL

Differentiated learning

See differentiation



Anything using a binary code (Code with two values). Digital is used to refer to things which, at the very basic level, use the binary code. E.g. a digital device could be a computer, phone etc. If a course 'goes digital' then it is using the online tools to organise the course material, often making access and collaboration for students and teachers easier.

Online, Collaboration

Digital citizen

Someone who is confident and capable using ICT in a variety of activities. They do so with integrity, demonstrating critical thinking skills, recognising and manages the challenges in the digital world. They are ethical, developing positive, respectful relationships with others online.

Cyberspace, ICT, Online, Internet

Digitally connected

Being able to communicate and connect to the world wide web.

World wide web www

Digital divide

The gap that exists between those who can and those who cannot, use technology. This technology can include the telephone, television, personal computers and the Internet. Sometimes the divide is result of issues with access to the internet or devices.

Access, Devices

Digital fluency

The ability to find, organise, understand, evaluate and analyse information using digital technologies. Learners use the right technologies effectively to achieve the outcomes they want. (Some people use this term 'digital fluency' interchangeably with 'digital literacy')

Digital literacy, Digital technology

Digital footprint

Is all the information you leave behind as you use the Internet. Comments on social media, Skype calls, app use and email records all form part of your online history and can potentially be seen by other people, or tracked in a database - even if you think you have erased them. Making students aware of the potential impact of their digital footprint is an important part of their learning to manage their cybersafety.

Online, Social media, Internet, Skype, Cybersafety

Digital immigrants

Someone who has adopted digital technology as an addition to their usual ways of working.

Many teachers are digital immigrants and often there will be students in their class who are more familiar with software and what their devices can do than they are.

Digital technology, Devices, Software

Digital learning

Digital learning is when opportunities for students to learn are provided online E.g. by sharing links, websites, video conferences or Google docs. Learning can be through collaboration, producing material, participating and contributing to discussions and decision making.

Online, Website, Google docs, Collaboration

Digital Learning Objects DLOs

Digital resources used with an educational purpose in mind. Students might use DLOs in class, face-to-face, online or in blended learning. Digital resources for example for example a camera, photographs online, a text, slideshows, podcasts, videos of lectures, TED talks, games or simulations.

Blended learning, Face- to-face, Online, TED talks, Podcast

Digital literacy

The ability to use digital technologies to learn, work and play. Learners know how to use the technologies but not necessarily in effective ways. (Some people use 'digital literacy' interchangeably with 'digital fluency'.)

Digital fluency, Digital technology

Digital natives

Someone who has grown up immersed in using technology like the Internet, computers and mobile device in all aspects of life.


Digital technology

Is all the technology that relies on the binary code to represent words and numbers.

Digital, code

Discovery Learning

A method of inquiry-based, constructivist approach used to solve problems. The learner draws on their own past experiences and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new learning. Students interact with the world by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing experiments.

Constructivism, Inquiry- based learning


Tendencies, attitudes or habits that you have. E.g. You can have the disposition to work through a task, even if you find it hard.



Diversity in a student population is about all the differences in the population. These differences can include race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, having English as a second language, ways of thinking, learning strengths and needs, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. Responding to diversity means understanding that each individual is unique, and accepting and respecting the differences. It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment.



See Digital learning objects

Digital learning objects


This is transferring a file from one computer system to another, usually smaller, one. E.g. You might download music from the internet to listen to on your phone.



Dropbox is a service that offers a limited amount of free storage as one of its services. Dropbox allows users to store material in the cloud and that material can be accessed from any computer or device.

Cloud, Device