Appendix Four: Definitions

International students

For the purpose of this report, ‘an international student’ is a student who is enrolled by a provider, and who, in relation to the provider, is a foreign student as defined in the Education Act, 1989 (Section 2 or 159, whichever is applicable). These students have entered New Zealand for the purpose of study (in Years 1 to 15) and do not have a right to an automatic place in a New Zealand school. A ‘young’ international student is a student in Years 1 to 8.

Designated caregiver

A ‘designated caregiver’ is a relative or close family friend designated in writing by the parents of an international student as the caregiver and accommodation provider for that student. It does not include a boarding establishment owner, manager, or employee.

Group students

‘Group students’ means two or more international students aged 10 and over, holding a group visa issued by Immigration New Zealand.


‘Homestay’ means accommodation provided to an international student in the residence of a family or household where no more than four international students are accommodated.

Legal guardian

A ‘legal guardian’ is the person with the legal right and responsibility to provide for the care (including education and health) of an international student and appointed by a New Zealand or foreign court. The legal guardian must usually provide for the care of the student in the student’s home country.

Recruitment agent

A ‘recruitment agent’ means a person or organisation, other than the signatory or its employees, involved in the identification and/or recruitment of potential international students, whether individually or in a group, either in an overseas market or in New Zealand.

Residential caregiver

‘Residential caregiver’ means:

  • homestay carer
  • boarding establishment manager or other person responsible for the care of international students in a boarding establishment
  • designated caregiver
  • in the case of temporary accommodation, a supervisor.