Appendix 4: Glossary

Te Reo Māori

English meaning

Ako

Both children and adults are learners and teachers

Haka

Māori ceremonial dance

Hapū

Subtribe, kinship group

Hui

forum for discussion which is underpinned by Māori values

Iwi

Wider kinship group

Kai

Food, to eat

Karakia

Prayer, grace, incantations

Kaumātua

Adult elder (usually male)

Kuia

Adult elder (female)

Manaakitanga

kindness, caring

Marae

Tribal gathering place where ceremonial events are held and issues are debated

Matariki

Signals the Māori New Year (first appearance of Pleiades)

Pākehā

New Zealander of European descent

Tangata whenua

People of the land, local people

Te Ao Māori

The Māori world

Te reo Māori

Māori language

Te Tiriti o Waitangi

Treaty of Waitangi

Tikanga

Customary practices

Tuakana teina

Mentoring relationship

Waiata

Song(s)

Whakapapa

Genealogy

Whakawhanaungatanga

Creating relationships, sense of family

Whānau

Nuclear or extended family

Whanaungatanga

Relationships, sense of family